11 types Of Veneers Explained: All The Materials, Pros, Cons, Durabilities

11 types Of Veneers Explained: All The Materials, Pros, Cons, Durabilities

Chapter 2

If you’re here, you probably just finished the complete guide on Veneers. So what now? Now we go into every single type of veneer. And we mean every single one! After reading this second guide on types of veneers you will learn everything you need to choose which type of veneer is perfect for you and what to expect from them. When we talk about types of veneers we have to consider their many options. There are different materials like porcelain veneers, zirconium veneers, composite veneers, etc. There are permanent veneers and temporary veneers. Also, the material affects the aesthetic features and the durability of veneers. This is why every type of veneer is better suited for different situations and needs. But, without further ado, let’s go into this guide on types of veneers.

What are the different types of veneers? 

There are two main types of veneers available in the dental industry and they are known as Porcelain and Composite Resin. Both of these materials are used in a wide range of sub-types of veneers such as E-max, zirconia, lumineers, and resin veneers. Choosing a veneer depends on your budget, comfort level, dental situation, etc. We will try and make the process easier for you with detailed information about the different types of veneers for your beautiful smile. Here is a list of types of veneers to make the process of choosing easier for you when you decide on your cosmetic dentistry procedure.

Permanent Veneers 

When we talk about permanent veneers we mean a type of veneer that is irreversible and lifelong. Permanent veneers are the types of veneers that protect and enhance your teeth for a long period. There are many varieties available in permanent veneers such as E-max, Zirconium, Palatal, and Lumineers. Depending on your dental issues, the dentist can advise you to get one of these types of veneers to enhance your smile. When it comes to veneers cost these are the most expensive in the market but also the most natural and long-lasting.
Veneer Type Durability Aesthetics Expensiveness Application time Usage
E-max Veneers 10-15 years Transparent/Natural Appearance Medium-high 5-10 days Permanent
Zirconium Veneers 15-30 years Opaque Medium 5-10 days Permanent
Palatal Porcelain Veneers 10-15 years Transparent/Natural Medium-high 5-10 days Permanent
Porcelain Veneers 10-20 years Transparent/Natural Medium 5-10 days Permanent
Lumineer Veneers 5-10 years Semi-Transparent High Same-day Permanent/Removable
Composite Resin Veneers 3-5 years Opaque Low Same-day Temporary
Types of Permanent Veneers

Porcelain Veneers

Porcelain veneers are among the most common types of veneers and it is easy to find them at a dental clinic near you. They are composed of feldspar, a naturally occurring glass-ceramic. Feldspathic porcelain is a very thin and translucent material that gives a very natural look. Another great advantage of having porcelain veneers is that they are resilient and do not stain, chip, discolor that easily. This is one reason why they last for a longer time than any other type of veneer. Benefits:
  • With proper dental care they can last for a long time
  • Natural-Looking
  • They are stain-resistant
  • They are durable and strong
Disadvantages:
  • Long application procedure
  • Long tooth prep period
  • Irreversible

E-Max Veneers

One of the most popular types of veneers, E-max veneers are from lithium disilicate glass-ceramic. They are one of the best in this day and age because of their natural aesthetics, strength, and durability. In 2017, a study on the efficacy of E-max veneers showed an 83.5% survival rate even after 10 years had passed. With proper dental care, they can last more than 10 years without any dental complications. Due to their translucency, they have a unique quality of blending with your real teeth. Therefore, by the end of your procedure, no one would be able to tell the difference between your real teeth and fabricated teeth. Benefits:
  • They look very natural because of their translucence
  • Do not stain easily
  • They can last a long time
  • More accuracy in shape and size
Disadvantages:
  • Fairly lengthy application procedure
  • They are ultra-thin so they can chip or fracture easily
  • Irreversible

Zirconium Veneers

One of the toughest veneer materials, Zirconium veneers are the perfect dental procedure to fix dental issues such as extensive decay, chipping, and fracture. Made of zirconium dioxide, one of the most resistant forms of monolithic ceramics. It has exceptional strength because there are no other materials added to the mix. It is opaque in appearance so it can have a dramatic effect on your teeth. They are ideal for tooth rebuilding in case of extreme tooth decay and provide high strength to the teeth overall. It’s also an option to fix the problem of discoloration because of their opaque appearance. They usually outlast most of the other veneer varieties because of superior strength and quality. Benefits:
  • High strength and durability
  • Strengthens a weak tooth
  • Bite alignment
  • Resistant to chips and fractures
Disadvantages:
  • It is hard to modify it
  • Since it is opaque it can look unnatural

Lumineer Veneers

They are a fairly new form of veneers and take an unconventional modern approach. Unlike other traditional methods, this one does not require heavy tooth prep. The material used in them is special carinate and has an ultra-thin structure (0.3mm). They are also called minimum prep veneers because they can be placed instantly without any prior invasive procedures. They can be placed the same day you go to the doctor for a consultation so no long procedures are needed. Their removal is also fairly easy because your tooth does not go through dramatic changes for teeth preparation. The three most common brands available or their market names are Lumineers, Vivaneers, and Durathin. They are excellent for people who want veneers but do not want invasive procedures and a lightly more invasive veneering process. Benefits:
  • They are removable
  • Non-invasive and painless procedure
  • Modification is easy
  • Same day application
Disadvantages:
  • They are thin so they can easily get fractured or chipped
  • They may not be effective on darker stains because of their thin design
  • Gum problems can occur if they don’t fit right

Composite Veneers

Composite veneers are used as alternate types of veneers which are much cheaper and quicker than porcelain veneers. They are also known as composite bonding because they do not require a lot of tooth preparation. The main component in composite veneers is resin, a tooth-colored dental restoration material. They have a better success rate when used on the front teeth rather than the posterior teeth. The reason can be that resin is not the toughest material so it has better results when placed on the front teeth. When compared with porcelain veneers, composite veneers have a shorter life and they are more prone to stains, scratches, and fractures. Composite veneers are also known as same-day and temporary veneers because they can be bonded quickly and need minimal enamel removal. Benefits:
  • Affordable cost
  • Same day placement
  • Less enamel removal
  • Modification is easy
Disadvantages:
  • It can stain easily
  • Less durable than porcelain veneers
  • They look unnatural

Partial Veneers

Full veneers are used to hide the entire front area of a tooth, whereas partial veneers are used to hide only a part of the tooth. Partial Veneers are used to hide minor imperfections such as chipped or cracked corners, stains, or gapped teeth. They are prepared and attached the same way as a full veneer but they require more skill than full veneers. Since only a limited part of your tooth is being treated, the dentist must be more cautious. The fabrication must match with the rest of your tooth for a natural appearance.

Palatal Veneers

Usually, veneers are used to restore or enhance the anterior part of the tooth. Palatal Veneers are used to enhance or treat the lingual (back) part of a tooth. Common issues that impact the palatal part of a tooth are bruxism (teeth grinding), bite unalignment, and dental erosion. They are made from many restorative materials such as porcelain-ceramic, composite, and even gold. Overall they can improve the appearance of your teeth and can make them look more even.

No-Prep Veneers

“Non-prep” veneers, No Prep Veneers, or minimal-prep veneers are single visit veneer treatments that require minimal tooth preparation as a cosmetic procedure. They are thin and compact shells that are gently attached to your teeth to refurbish the old surface. They are usually 0.3-0.5 mm and their main goal is to rectify dental issues such as cracks, stains, and discoloration. When you visit a dentist for veneers, they will choose the right shade for you so that your veneers do not look fake. They are considered to be a quick fix to treat chipped, misshapen or discolored teeth. No-prep veneers include Lumineers, Durathin veneers, and Vivaneers.

Same-Day Veneers

They are also called ready-made veneers that are designed, prepared, and applied on the same day. Compared to standard porcelain veneers, these are made in a dentist’s clinic using an automatic milling machine with CAD/CAM technology. The process involves the preparation of the tooth, a digital scan of the tooth, and the creation of veneers. An automated machine is used to make the veneers on the same day. Since these veneers are made in one day, several shades are available to get the one closest to your original teeth.

How Long Do Veneers Last?

The duration of a veneer depends a lot on the material used in them, your dental hygiene, and your eating habits. As we mentioned there are two main types of materials used in veneers, porcelain, and composite resin. Each type of veneer offers a different lifespan and many studies indicate that porcelain veneers are relatively more long-lasting than composite ones.
how long do veneers last

Porcelain Veneers And Their Duration

All-Porcelain: These are traditional types of veneers and the main component used in them is feldspar (an all-glass ceramic). With a proper dental hygiene routine and healthy eating habits, this type of veneer can last for at least 7 to 10 years. A study conducted by Layton and Walton in 2012 showed a 96% survival rate of feldspathic veneers after 10 years and 91% after 20 years. E-max: The thinnest type of porcelain veneer with just 0.3mm to a maximum 0.5mm thickness. E-max veneers can last up to 10 to 15 years with consistent dental hygiene. Due to their compact structure, they offer ideal esthetics and durability. They can last longer if you look after them properly with a consistent oral care routine with regular brushing, flossing, and dental cleaning. Zirconium Veneers: The main component used in these veneers is zirconium oxide and they are believed to be the strongest non-metallic veneers. More than esthetics, these veneers are known for their high durability with 15 to 30 years of life expectancy. In terms of appearance, they may not be as natural looking as porcelain but they can offer high strength against hard bites and injuries. They are also ideal for people with bruxism, also known as teeth grinding. Lumineers: These are the thinnest and most modernized versions of veneers. Unlike traditional porcelain veneers, these do not require any tooth preparation. With effective dental care, these can last for 10-20 years but with their sleek and sensitive structure, they are prone to cracks and scratches. Extra caution is advised by dentists with this kind of veneer because they can damage easily. Professionals in the dental industry usually recommend Lumineers as the second-best option if traditional porcelain can’t be placed for some reason.

Composite Veneers And Their Duration

Composite veneers are instant veneers that can be placed in a single dentist appointment. Their prep work does not take a very long time which is why people often opt for them. Composite Resin veneers: These veneers are readily available and can be placed the same day the patient visits the doctor for veneers. They are made of synthetic resin and with good dental hygiene they can last for 3 to 5 years. Unlike porcelain veneers, they don’t offer high protection against dental issues such as chipping, cracking, or staining.

Temporary Veneers or Non-Permanent Veneers

Temporary veneers can be placed in two situations, first when you are waiting for your permanent veneers to arrive and second, as clip-on veneers. Permanent veneers are placed to last for a longer period. They are also attached to the tooth with a special and long-lasting dental glue or cement to last for a longer time. They also differ in terms of the material and longevity period. Temporary veneers are mostly made out of composite resin that does not have a long life span. It is also easier to put them on and off because they are clip on. On the other hand, permanent veneers are made out of tougher materials such as porcelain, zirconium, etc. They are made and applied in a way that they can survive for a longer time. Similarly, the prices of the two procedures differ due to the difference in materials. For permanent veneers, mostly zirconium or porcelain is used that cost higher than composite resin. Again choosing between temporary and permanent veneers is a matter of your personal dental needs and budget. Therefore, it is better to identify your issues first and to discuss them with your dentist so you can choose what’s best for you. Temporary veneers are more suitable for people who want to test if veneers will suit them in the long run. Permanent veneers are a better choice for people who are looking for a long-term solution to dramatically enhance their smile.

Custom Clip-on Veneers 

If the sight of a dental clinic gives you jitters, clip-on veneers can be a good option for you. These are removable veneers and don’t require any major tooth alterations. They are available in porcelain and composite resin but their prices may vary. The process of receiving your personalized clip-on veneers first requires a consultation with your dentist. Your dentist will carefully evaluate the condition of your teeth and advise accordingly. If they approve the use of clip-on veneers, they take an impression of your teeth and send it to a lab. After approximately one or two weeks you will receive your customized clip-on veneers. Clip-on veneers are easy to wear but you need to make sure you follow a proper cleaning routine to maintain them. Do not use mouthwash or toothpaste to clean them, instead soak them in gentle soap water. Use a brush to clean the inner edges and corners to make sure no bacteria is left behind. Similarly, make sure you are cleaning your real teeth after you take off your clip-on veneers. Last but not the least, do not eat hard or chewy foods while wearing your clip-on as they can potentially damage them.

Non-Custom Clip on Veneers (Drugstore)

This is the most conservative option in cosmetic dentistry services. Veneer technology has improved a lot over the years and there are many ready-made options available. If you are looking for ready-made veneers that you can buy off the rack, there are many drugstore brands available. They do not require any prior tooth preparation or visits to your dentist, you can buy and instantly put them on. Their prices vary according to the material, for instance, a porcelain clip-on will cost you more than a composite resin one. Again, they are good for temporary use and are not customized so they do not give realistic results.

Which Types Of Veneers Do We Use At Dentfix?

At Dentfix we make sure we listen to your concerns and problems before offering solutions. We have temporary and permanent veneer options available at our dental clinic. Permanent veneers include porcelain-ceramic veneers, zirconium veneers, E-max veneers, and composite bonding. At the same time, we have temporary veneers made from high-quality composite material.

How To Choose The Best Types Of Veneers?

Several factors should be kept in mind when choosing veneers for the perfect smile. The three main factors include shape, material and budget. Once you decide your budget and what your dental needs are, you can easily decide the shape/size & material of your veneers. Before you do anything, make sure to discuss your dental issues with your dentist so that you can get professional advice on your future flawless smile. Various types of veneers offer their own advantages and disadvantages. Here are types of veneers and what they offer so that you can choose what suits you the best:

What’s The Best Veneer Material?

Every type of veneer has different benefits and All the porcelain ceramic veneers are considered to be the best material for veneers. They are long-lasting and translucent which means that they match your real teeth and do not look fake. Porcelain veneers also do not stain very easily and look as good as new for a long time. Therefore, we recommend that you get porcelain veneers if you want good quality and esthetics in the long run. If you want the best material but are afraid of the high cost, you may consider veneers in Turkey.

How To choose The Best Types Of Veneers Material For Your Face?

The shape of your face plays a big role in deciding the best type of veneer for your face. Your dentist can help you choose the right shade and shape for your veneers according to your face shape. Here is a general guide on face shapes and the kind of veneers that generally suit them more than others: Heart-Shaped Face: Although they can pull off most of the shapes, rounded veneers suit them a lot better than other shapes. Oval-Shaped Face: Since they have a long and equally proportioned face structure, square-shaped veneers suit them more. Round-shaped Face: For rounder proportions, it is better to opt for longer, more pronounced veneers. Square-shaped Face: Since this face shape is small, rounded, and less edgy veneers are more suitable for them.

What Should I Tell My Dentist Before Choosing The Veneers?

Before choosing veneers, you must discuss all your dental issues with your dentist. Discussing your concerns and dental needs is a very important step before getting veneers. Also, talking about the possibility of veneers side effects is important. Good communication between you and your dentist will result in better and more effective results. At Dentfix we have a diligent team of qualified cosmetic dentists who will be there for you at every step of the way. They will listen to your concerns carefully and provide ideal solutions to the problems.

What Are Removable Types Of Veneers?

Removable veneers are temporary veneers that can be taken off whenever you want. They include clip-on or snap-on veneers and they are custom-made by a professional dentist. Removable veneers are also available in drugstores that are ready-made and are not customized as per your teeth. What Are Prep And No-Prep Veneers? A traditional veneer procedure involves preparing the tooth before the veneer is attached to the tooth. These kinds of veneers are called ‘Prep Veneers’ because the dentist shaves off a thin layer of your tooth to place the veneer. Prep veneers include traditional porcelain veneers and composite resin veneers. On the other hand, No-Prep Veneers are those types of veneers that do not need initial preparation for veneer attachment. These include Lumineers, Vivaneers, Durathin veneers, and clip-on veneers. Although they are quick and pain-free, they can stain more easily than the other traditional types of veneers. Next step: The third part of the guide, the chapter about veneers procedure. Reference: Alothman Y, Bamasoud MS. The Success of Dental Veneers According To Preparation Design and Material Type. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2018;6(12):2402-2408. Published 2018 Dec 14. doi:10.3889/oamjms.2018.353 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311473/

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